So what you need?
For the Sea:
The rod should be quite strong and it should at least have a casting weight of 200g. Reason is you go for bigger fish, tipically from a boat.
The line can be mono or braided depending on what fish etc. you go for. I prefer oversizeing my braided line a little so I am sure I get the catch. Of course a thicker line is seen more easily by your prey. Can be something between 15 and 80 kg. (80 for the tuna 😉 ).
The rheel can be a Spinning Reel, Bait-castinger Reel, Trolling reel or a Spincast Reels . For the sea I usetrolling reels that have a braeking power of more then 7 kg.
For the Lake:
The rod should be normal strong and it should at least have a casting weight of 50g. Reason is you go for the same fish as from lake-shore so no need to oversize. Of course that does not count for e.g. catfish, best is getting sea equipment for those.
The line can be mono or braided depending on what fish etc. you go for. I prefer mono for the lake for 2 reasons: Mono expands more and in a lake the fish might bite a lot closer to you then at sea. The mono will dempen the action better then the braid. Secondly in a lot of lakes and rivers it is not allowed to fish with braided line.
The rheel can be a Spinning Reel, Bait-castinger Reel, Trolling reel or a Spincast Reels. For lake I use Spinning reels, I don`t see the point bringing several different ones.
Jigging is the practice of angeling with a jig. A jig consists of a lead sinker with a hook molded into it to attract fish. Jigs are intended to create a jerky, vertical motion. The jig is very versatile and can be used in both salt and fresh water. You can go for all kinds of fish with jigging. Most fish caught by jigs are on or near the bottom.
a “special” form is Speed jigging and as the name suggests you retrieve the jig as fast as you can. This is tipically done for the deep blue ocean fish e.g. wahoo, Yellowfin Tuna and other tunas.
The Jigg… I think there must be as many kinds of jiggs as there are fish in the sea ;-). It is always good to ask the locals which forms and colors work best for which fish. It is hard to give an advice but the following might help.
- the jigg (and it´s hook!) has to fit the target species
- sweetwater or saltwater jigg?
- the weight should be enough to bring the jigg down to where the fish is (watch the current in the sea!)
Sounds funny but make sure:
- don`t forget to let go
- don´t forget to check the rheel is open BEFORE throwing
- check your surrounding
- check your rheel
- fix the bait well
You usually don`t cast cause you are on a boat. You let it sink to the bottom. Afterwards rheel it in for a little bit you do not want to get stuck right? As the fish is usually attracted by the movement of the jigg move it up and let it sinck again. repeat until the fish bites. There is people that additionally mount a bait to the hook or the preconnected rig but you do not have to.